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      好心办坏事?研究称科技企业追求业务可持续反会增加碳足迹

      Emily Price 2019年03月25日

      一些科技公司虽然目标是减少碳足迹,结果却可能适得其反。

      《国际城市与区域研究杂志》刊发的一项新研究认为,一些科技公司虽然目标是减少碳足迹,结果却可能适得其反。

      这项研究报告题为“气候友好城市的悖论:有关生态中产阶级化和住房公平的新视角”。报告认为,追求可持续性?#23548;?#19978;推动了美国一些街区中产阶级化,导致碳足迹扩大。

      美国商业杂志《Fast Company》的报道指出,问题源于,一些企业在大城?#34892;?#24314;工业园,吸引希望乘坐公共交通工具通勤的员工。招聘成功后,员工往往想住在靠近公共交通线的地方,于是交通便利地区房价上涨,赶走了原本住在当地的低收入家庭。

      研究报告将该现象称作“碳中产阶级化?#20445;?#22240;为相关地区中产阶级化的原因并不是餐馆或者商铺等便利设施,人们搬过去本意是为了更环保。

      研究人员还没有数据能确切展示,碳中产阶级化对一些地区和整个地球的长期影响如何。但他们认为,尽管科技企业员工之类人群搬往交通便利地区本意是追求环保,但人们越富有,制造的碳足迹就比经济程度较低的人们越高,最终对周围环境造成更大的影响。(财富中文网)

      译者:Pessy

      审校:夏林

      Tech companies with a mission to create small carbon footprints might be doing the opposite, according to a new study published in the International Journal of Urban and Regional Research.

      The report, called “Contradictions of the Climate-Friendly City: New Perspectives on Eco-Gentrification and Housing Justice,” alleges that the quest to be sustainable is, in fact, fueling gentrification in some neighborhoods across the United States and causing larger carbon footprints.

      The issue comes from companies building campuses in major cities, attracting employees that want to do things like ride public transportation, reports Fast Company. When they do, those employees want to live near public transportation lines, causing housing prices in those area to increase and pushing out lower-income families that may have lived in those areas before.

      It’s a phenomenon the paper calls “carbon gentrification,” because rather than an area being gentrified due to amenities like restaurants or stores, individuals are attempting to move there in an effort to be more “green.”

      The group doesn’t have data yet on exactly what impact carbon gentrification will have on areas and the earth long term, but the thought is that more affluent people, such as tech workers, tend to have a larger carbon footprint than their less affluent counterparts, ultimately leading them to have a larger environmental impact in the areas they’re living in with the expressed purpose of having a lower one.

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